Examining the role of women in the history and future of engineers

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  Investigating the Role of Women in the History and Future of Engineers

By Helen Marston, Engineer, Cressall

According to the Women's Engineering Society (WES), less than ten percent of engineers are in the United States Kingdom of women, the lowest number in Europe. Forerunners are Latvia, Bulgaria and Cyprus, where female engineers account for almost 30 percent. This article discusses the role of women in engineering throughout history.

In 1914, the National Women's Council was established with the aim of getting women into work when men joined the armed forces to help with the war effort. These women transformed the face of technology forever and were highly praised for their skills and expertise.

Unfortunately, the Pre-War Act of 1919 forced women to give up their work for the returning men. The representation of women in engineering has never recovered.

Electrical Energy

The influence of women on engineering dates back to before the First World War. Edith Clarke, born in 1883, had a long relationship with engineering and began working at AT & T as a human-computer in 1912 to become the first woman to earn an MS in Electrical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Her greatest achievement is the invention of the Clarke calculator, a graphical equation solver she produced in her spare time. The Clarke calculator allowed the study of the electrical properties of long lines used to transmit electrical energy, a system she rightly believed would become quite normal. Without their computers, Fernstrom and its benefits would not have been widespread. Since available electricity was one of the driving factors for the second industrial revolution, industry would be severely hampered without the invention of this computer. Even today, Cressall relies on the mechanisms invented by Clarke in electrical resistance design.

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Off Screen

Actress Hedy Lamarr, best known for her work as a movie star between the 1930s and 1950s, helped develop a radio control system for allied torpedoes during World War II.

The spread spectrum technology has been developed using frequency-hopping technology to guard against the threat of interference, and was later used on US Navy ships. To date, the principles of technology are integrated in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. These technologies are used in various industries, including manufacturing and transportation. More recently, the processing industry has used these digital technologies most to promote the introduction of Industry 4.0.

Famous

Let's not forget one of the pioneering female engineers, Ada Lovelace, who wrote the first complete computer program published in 1843.

After Lovelace studied mathematics and science at a young age, he hypothesized a method. Charles Babbage's analysis engine allows looping – the repetition of a series of instructions that are still used today in computer programs.

Lovelace is known to be the first person to realize that a general purpose computer can have more benefits than calculations. suggesting that it could create music and art.

The Next Generation

Women's contributions to engineering are not surprisingly wide and undoubtedly represent an inspiration to women around the world who run engineering careers.

The question of how to inspire more women to choose a career in engineering is in demand worldwide. The answer is not easy and the responsibility lies with many, from engineering companies to schools. These brilliant women, along with many others in their sector, will continue to inspire the next generation of engineers who can produce something brilliant regardless of their gender.

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Every year in June, the International Women in Engineering Day takes place 23. The day focuses on the achievements and inspiring careers of women in technical and technical roles. Backed by industry through movements like the Nine percent of the Institution of Engineering and Technology is not enough campaign, the day provides an opportunity to celebrate the groundbreaking and influential women, to move the boundaries within the technology and move. Visit the Women & # 39; s Engineering Society website to learn more or get involved.

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